Cricket is a game which between two teams. There are many types of research on the history of cricket but there is no evidence of when it was found, but there are rumors of the game being played as early as the sixteenth century. According to some reports, Cricket was invented in the vast fields of England, shepherds have found when they flock their sheeps on fields. And then on this game was shown sportsmanship by aristocrats, and now has the stature of being England’s national game. After a century now, cricket stands in the international arena, with a place of its own. Cricket involves two teams with 11 players on each side. Cricket is played on an oval with a 22-yard central strip called a ‘pitch’, with a wicket at each end. Play starts when a bowler bowls the ball overarm at a batting player. The captain who wins the toss decides whether his team bats or bowls first. If they first are bats, their goal is to score a lot of runs and make sure the other team does not reach that score point. The batting team tries to score as many runs as it can by hitting the ball with the bat and running between the wickets.The pitching team tries to catch the players from the batting side ‘out’ in range ways, with the inclusion of hitting the wicket or catching the ball on the full and then it has been hit. Once the batting team is all out, the teams change over. The sides batting second must set the score of the team that batted first.
FORMATS OF THE GAME
The cricket game is playable in many formats, but the most popular are ONE DAY and TEST CRICKET cricket. In cricket game which is TEST goes on for 5 days, with each team batting twice if time permits. In cricket game which is ONE DAY is the most popular format, with each team getting 300 balls to score runs. And the other team tries to outscore them in the same number of balls.
Each time a team bats, it is known as its innings. In Test matches, which must be completed in five days, each side has two innings. Matches can be drawn when the team bowling last fails to get all the opposition players out before the end of the fifth day. It is beside a draw when rain prevents a match from existence completed.