Fifty years ago, children used to play games out in the street with their friends in their leisure time. There were a lot of games such as hide and seek and hopscotch. At home, they had their toys to play with. In school, they used pencils, notebooks, chalks, and chalkboards for writing. For family entrainment, their parents took them to movies, theme parks or the zoo. Today, however, all this has changed a lot. There are no more street games or toys. Children play virtual games on their computer or tablets. Instead of communicating with friends outside, they use their smartphones to share text, photos, selfies, and videos. In many schools, tablets and smart boards have replaced the old ways. And movies, animal’s theme park activities are all on their computers, tablets, smartphones, or TVs. Thus, screens are everywhere at almost every moment of children’s lives towards the better, some child development experts argue that this screen-dominated lifestyle is not always good for children. In fact, present-day children’s close and frequent contact with screens let’s call it screen addiction-has mainly three negative effects on their development: they may have physical problems, become asocial, and cannot be creative.
To begin with, screen addiction harms children physically. Eyes are affected negatively due to long hours of exposure to that strong light from the screen. This may lead to serious eye-sight problems. In addition, sitting for a long time in front of a computer causes problems in the neck, arm, hand, back and leg muscles. Similarity, spending too much time sharing messages or data on phones and tablets also result in damages to the neck, shoulder, even finger muscles. Apart from these, when children spend all those hours inactively, that is, without going out with friends, running, cycling or moving their body in many ways, they may have serious problems related to obesity, heart or kidneys. Secondly, children who spend a lot of time in front of a screen become social. Whether it is a TV or a tablet, it steals too much of their time with other people. In fact, such children rarely want to go out, meet friends, or do anything outside. This leads to inappropriate behavior, unacceptable manners, lack of confidence, or other problems whenever they find themselves in a social environment. Finally, screens kill creatively. Creativity is a process which is composed of mental and physical skills. The mind thinks of a plan or design, sends commands to parts of the body, and receiving these messages, the parts needed for that particular creation, that is, the eyes, ears, arms, hands, fingers, legs or feet work together, bring out the product and complete the process. This may be building a LEGO structure, making a kite, composing a song on the piano, finding a new trick with the feet in football, or designing a project to help animals in the neighborhood. with too much focusing on the screen, which brings them everything in a ready-made form, plus the limited amount of bodily movement, these children cannot develop their mental and physical skills freely. of course, this results in lack of creative thinking and action
To sum up, despite the color and action and the limitless possibilities the screen lays before children, it causes physical problems, social character, and lack of creative skills mentally and physically. Therefore, like in every other technical innovation, which has both benefit and drawbacks when used by children, the use of devices with a screen should also be restricted and controlled up to a certain age